By Manfred Krifka, Austinlsaarbriicken
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Extra info for A Compositional Semantics for Multiple Focus
Ii. They sell better shirts than they sell ties. 46 A-Movement in Pseudogapping reconstruct, the scope ambiguity can be derived: whereas in the (a) example, negation scopes over the quantiﬁer, this is not possible in the (b) example. (24) a. (it seems that) everyone isn’t there yet b. everyone seems [t not to be there yet] This behaviour is reﬂected in the contrast between (25) and (26) below (Lasnik 2001a: 114, his (51) and (53)). e. that the subject takes scope under negation, resulting in the (possible, if somewhat disfavoured) interpretation that ‘not everyone has arrived yet’.
41) Beth was there, but you’ll never guess who else. (42) Jack called, but I don’t know when/how/why/where from. (43) Sally’s out hunting—guess what! (44) A car is parked on the lawn—ﬁnd out whose. 15 Fragment answers, on the other hand, strand a single constituent as an answer to a previous question, as illustrated in the dialogue in (45) and the ‘implicit’ dialogue in (46) (both examples from Merchant (2004: 661: his (1) and (2)). (45) Abby and Ben are at a party. ’ (46) Abby and Ben are at a party.
Pétur vill leika lengur við Maríu en Páll vill_ við Jóni. Peter wants-to play longer with Maria than Paul wants-to with John. ’ (57) a. María myndi skila ﬂeiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi_ til Jóns. Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will to John. ’ b. María myndi skila ﬂeiri bókum til Péturs en Páll myndi blöðum _ Maria will return more books to Peter than Paul will newspapers til Jóns. to John. ’ c. *María myndi gefa Pétri ﬂeiri bækur en Páll myndi _ blöð. Mary will give Peter more books than Paul will newspapers.