By Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Charles A. Moore
Here are the manager riches of greater than 3,000 years of Indian philosophical thought-the historical Vedas, the Upanisads, the epics, the treatises of the heterodox and orthodox structures, the commentaries of the scholastic interval, and the modern writings. Introductions and interpretive commentaries are provided.
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Bestow upon the dead m an health and welfare. 12. Broad-nosed and brown the messengers of Yama, Greedy of lives they rove among the people. M ay they give back to us a life propitious Here and to-day, that we may see the sunlight. 13. For Yama press the soma juice, To Yama offering present. To Yama goes the sacrifice, Announced by Agni, well-prepared. 14. To Yam a offering rich in ghee Present forthwith, and forward step. Let him direct us to the gods, T h at we may live a life prolonged. 15. T o Yama as a King present Oblation very honey-sweet.
5. Forth from mid-air with light he drave the darkness, as the gale blows a lily from the river. Like the wind grasping at the cloud of Vala,2 Brhaspati gathered to himself the cattle. 6. Brhaspati, when he with fiery lightnings cleft through the weapon of reviling Vala, Consumed him as tongues eat what teeth have compassed: he threw the prisons of the red cows open. 7. T hat secret name borne by the lowing cattle within the cave Brhaspati discovered. And drave, himself, the bright kine from the mountain, like a bird’s young after the eggs5 disclosure.
90 (Thomas) 11. When they divided the Purusa, into how m any parts did they arrange him? W hat was his mouth? W hat his two arms? What are his thighs and feet called? 12. 6 5. T H E H E R E A F T E R The Vedic Indians believed in personal immortality and in the world of the gods and the world of the fathers (manes). Good men went to heaven or the world of Visnu, and others to the world presided over by Yama,7 although Yama was also thought of as the ruler of all departed spirits. 1 This and two succeeding passages are among the earliest references to the castes.