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By Aeneas of Gaza, Zacharias of Mytilene

50 years earlier than Philoponus, Christians from Gaza, looking to impression Alexandrian Christians, defended the Christian trust in resurrection and the finite length of the area, and attacked rival Neoplatonist perspectives. Aeneas addresses an strange model of the meals chain argument opposed to resurrection, that bodies gets eaten by way of different creatures. Zacharias assaults the Platonist examples of synchronous production, that have been the construction of sunshine, of shadow, and of a footprint within the sand. a fraction survives of a 3rd Gazan contribution through Procopius. Zacharias lampoons the Neoplatonist professor in Alexandria, Ammonius, and claims a number one position within the revolt which resulted in the cleverest Neoplatonist, Damascius, fleeing to Athens. It used to be in basic terms Philoponus, despite the fact that, who used to be capable of embarrass the Neoplatonists through arguing opposed to them all alone terms.

This quantity includes an English translation of the works via Aeneas of Gaza and Zacharias of Mytilene, observed by means of an in depth advent, explanatory notes and a bibliography.

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Extra info for Aeneas of Gaza: Theophrastus with Zacharias of Mytilene: Ammonius (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)

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If Aeneas, then, has a thorough knowledge of Plotinus, he is also eager to demonstrate his understanding of the Platonic tradition. He can refer to the views of earlier Platonists such as Harpocration and Numenius on the soul’s reincarnation (12,6-11), and also knows Atticus’ views on the creation of the universe (46,16-21). Porphyry’s interest in oracles, as displayed in his work On the Philosophy from Oracles, is mentioned at 45,5-7, while his preoccupation with demons features briefly at 34,8, as little more than an aside.

First of all, it is the view of the Egyptians that the same soul puts on the body of a man, an ox, a dog, a bird, and a fish; and so at one time, for them, it inhabits the earth as some beast, an ant or a camel, and at another time, slipping into piscine nature, it becomes a whale or a sardine, and enters into the sea. And again, changed into the nature of a bird, appearing as a jackdaw35 or a nightingale, it flies into the air. 36 5 10 Translation 17 AE. Heavens, what a catalogue of wonders! Happy indeed would I be, were I to become a camel or a whale or a jackdaw.

You seem to me to speak well, and make a very respectable case for the opposition. But if we are to wholly remove the previous life of the soul, the result would seem to be disorder, if the evil flourish, while the good suffer misfortune. 15 EU. I will answer that, if you like. But tell me first, what do you mean by misfortune? Do you mean sickness, and poverty, and being put on the rack by the wicked, and being beaten and ultimately put to death? TH. That is what I would mean. Translation 23 EU.

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