By Ulla Koskinen
This booklet investigates the types that the aggression and violence of peasant elites might take up early glossy Fennoscandia, and their position inside of society. The members spotlight the social stratification, internal divisions, contradictions and conflicts of the peasant groups, but in addition be aware of the elite as leaders of resistance opposed to the experts. With the formation of extra centralised states, the elites’ prestige and room for organization decreased, yet neighborhood and temporal adaptations have been nice during this particularly drawn-out procedure, and there nonetheless remained a number of beneficial contexts for his or her business enterprise. even if the peasant elite was once no longer a homogenous entity, the chapters during this assortment current us one uniting characteristic – the peasant elites’ tendency to say themselves with an energetic and competitive employer, whether this resulted in very diverse outcomes.
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Additional info for Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700
59–85; Davies 2013. 3–7; Watson, Katherine D. (2007) ‘Introduction’ in Katherine D. ) Assaulting the Past: Violence and Civilization in Historical Context (Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing), pp. 1–4; Spierenburg 2008a, pp. 10–14. 65. Lindström, Dag (1994) ‘Oärliga mästare och kivande makar. ) Det 22. nordiske historikermøte, Rapport II: Normer og social kontroll i Norden ca. 1550–1850. Domstolene i samspill med lokalsamfunnet (Oslo: Universitetet i Oslo & Den norske historiske forening), pp.
121–128 (wealth, economic activity, mobility, positions of trust); Suvanto, Seppo (1987) Knaapista populiin: Tutkimuksia erilaistumisesta Satakunnan talonpojistossa vuosina 1390–1571 (Helsinki: Suomen Historiallinen Seura), pp. 340–348; Suvanto, Seppo (1995) Yksilö myöhäiskeskiajan talonpoikaisyhteiskunnassa: Sääksmäen kihlakunta 1400-luvun alusta 1570-luvulle (Helsinki: Suomen Historiallinen Seura), pp. 433–437 (use of epithets, wealth, and positions of trust). Arajärvi, Kirsti (1959) Talonpoikaisen rusthollariluokan muodostuminen eräissä Satakunnan pitäjissä (Unpublished licentiate thesis, University of Turku).
Arild Kane, a prominent member of the Riksrådet, together with several of his men, was the first to die in Sunnmøre in 1497,28 and then in Romerike, a year later it was the turn of the unpopular sheriff Lasse Skjold. 29 One could therefore argue that the Romerike peasants had acted in self-defence and had felt themselves be in a position where they had been forced to kill him. Indeed, this argument may have influenced the final decision that led to mercy and pardon of the crime for most of those involved.