By F.G.A. Stone and Robert West (Eds.)
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Extra resources for Aging and Cognition: Knowledge Organization and Utilization
This hypothesis has not had sufficient study. 26 NorrLs and West Can it be said that older adults' secondary memory deficits are limited to verbal recall tasks? Even though the pattern of age changes in activity memory has not always conformed to that observed with verbal recall, the evidence thus far does not support such a strong statement. It is important to note that studies of activity memory have often validated earlier evidence obtained with more traditional paradigms. For instance. age differences in memory are less apparent when older subjects are induced to use organizational strategies while learning verbal materials (Hultsch & Deutsch, 1981).
E. The role of motoric enactment (m-processing) in memory for words and sentences. In M. M. Gruneberg, P. E. Morris, & R. N. ). Practfcal aspects of memory: Current research and tssues (Vol. 1. pp. Toronto: John Wiley & Sons. , & Dixon. D. Let’s pretend: The role of motoric imagery in memory for sentences and words. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 3 4 , 77-92. , & Donnenwerth-Nolan, S. Does motoric imagery facilitate memory for sentences: A selective interference test. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior.
Our recent data also show that object cues are not influential in eliminating age differences in SIT recall even when combined with motor and organizational cues. These findings indicate that, overall, motoric processing is the more important variable for eliminating age deficits in recall. STRATEGIC PROCESSING IN ACTIVITY MEMORY In addition to the influence of visual and motor cues, there has been considerable investigation of the impact of strategic processing on activity recall. It is possible that activity memory, unlike verbal memory, is recalled without the benefit of strategic processing.