By Solveig Bosse
Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic research of German and English provides formal semantic and syntactic analyses of German and English applicative arguments. those arguments are nominal components that aren't compulsory components of a sentence. either German and English have different types of applicative arguments, together with so-called benefactive and malefactive structures. extra in particular, the study depends upon assessments to distinguish the different sorts of applicative arguments according to this contribution to that means: a few applicatives give a contribution in basic terms not-at-issue which means, while others give a contribution purely at-issue which means, and nonetheless others give a contribution either kinds of that means. those checks are utilized to either German and English to uniquely establish the applicative arguments in each one language. Formal analyses of the pointed out form of applicative arguments are awarded that offer an account for every kind of applicative pointed out for every language, explaining the applicatives’ adjustments and similarities.
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Additional info for Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic Investigation of German and English
In the analysis presented here, this is not expected because the experiencing event is distinct from the verbal event. In other words, in Pylkkänen's analysis, Jan is the agent of the killing event in (75a) and adversatively affected by the dying event in (75b). In the proposed analysis, Jan is the agent of the killing event in (75a) but the experiencer of an experiencing event in (75b). The dying event is the source of the experiencing event. 75. a. Jan brachte den Mann um. ' b. Der Mann starb Jan.
The second piece of evidence that the possessive meaning of the pertinence dative does not need to be built into its analysis comes from sentences with sortal nouns which can have a possessive interpretation (93). 52 93. Tim hat der Nachbarin das Auto gewaschen. ' (Lee-Schoenfeld 2006, example 1) The salient interpretation of this example is that the car belongs to the neighbor. But this interpretation is not necessary (contrary to what Lee-Schoenfeld (2006) claims). It could also be that Tim was washing his own or someone else's car, and that affected the neighbor in some way.
6. This applicative argument has often been argued to constitute its own type of applicative. I show that it is identical to the affected experiencer construction but includes an additional conversational implicature. Therefore, it does not require a different formal analysis than the affected experiencer. 7). Semantic and valency restrictions are used to characterize the verbs that license the affected experiencer construction. 8. 9 where I investigate some cross-linguistic parametric variation with respect to affected experiencers.