By H. R. Maturana, Francisco J. Varela
What makes a residing method a dwelling approach? what sort of organic phenomenon is the phenomenon of cognition? those questions were usually thought of, yet, during this quantity, the authors reflect on them as concrete organic questions. Their research is daring and provocative, for the authors have built a scientific theoretical biology which makes an attempt to outline dwelling structures no longer as items of statement and outline, nor at the same time interacting platforms, yet as self-contained unities whose simply reference is to themselves. The final result in their investigations and in their dwelling platforms as self-making, self-referring self reliant unities, is they stumbled on that the 2 questions have a typical solution: dwelling platforms are cognitive platforms, and residing as a method is a technique of cognition. the results of their investigations is a very new viewpoint of organic (human) phenomena. through the investigations, it was once chanced on entire linguistic description referring to the ‘organization of the living’ was once missing and, actually, used to be hampering the reporting of effects. for this reason, the authors have coined the note ‘autopoiesis’ to switch the expression ‘circular organization’. Autopoiesis conveys, on its own, the important function of the association of the dwelling, that is autonomy.
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Extra resources for Autopoiesis and Cognition: The Realization of the Living (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science)
Is 2 guineas a sheet. The only person in whose favour he [Elmsley] ever knew it exceeded was Smolett [sic] and he had 3 Guineas. There is a Mrs. Griffiths who writes plays and novels; some of the latter I believe not bad. They make her, poor woman, translate for 25s. 30 His Lincoln’s Inn friend, George Wilson, one of the main supporters of his philosophical career in the 1770s and 1780s, believed that if the translations were known to be his, ‘it would be a great degradation to [his] character .
41 42 Part I An Englishman in the Republic of Letters These letters – some of which were sent while others remained drafts filed in Bentham’s papers – allow us to understand the terms in which he intended to present his thought to his French contemporaries. They highlight the common references they shared and cast light on Bentham’s early ambitions to become part of a Republic of Letters whose citizens strove to bring their nations closer to shared enlightened ideals. Helv´etius and his circle: the ‘therapeutics of government’ In 1776, a few months after the publication of A Fragment, Bentham drafted a letter to Voltaire (which was never sent) in which he presented his work as organised around the principle of utility.
1 2 3 4 Fragment (CW), 393. Emphasis in original. J. Postema, Bentham and the Common Law Tradition. Correspondence (CW), vol. I, 314. J. Bentham, View of the Hard-Labour Bill; being an abstract of a pamphlet intituled ‘Draught of a bill, to punish by imprisonment and hard labour, certain offenders; and to establish proper places for their reception’. Interspersed with observations relative to the subject of the above draught in particular, and to jurisprudence in general (London, 1778). 41 42 Part I An Englishman in the Republic of Letters These letters – some of which were sent while others remained drafts filed in Bentham’s papers – allow us to understand the terms in which he intended to present his thought to his French contemporaries.