Download Biomaterials, medical devices, and combination products : by Shayne Cox Gad, Samantha Gad-McDonald PDF

By Shayne Cox Gad, Samantha Gad-McDonald

Biomaterials, scientific units, and mixture Products is a single-volume advisor for these liable for―or involved with―developing and making sure sufferer safeguard within the use and manufacture of scientific devices.

The e-book offers a transparent presentation of the worldwide regulatory standards and demanding situations in comparing the biocompatibility and scientific protection of the fabrics utilized in generating scientific units in addition to the units themselves.

Starting with fabric characterization and choice, concerns of issues coming up from packaging and speak to with creation equipment, and vast insurance of blend items, the publication additionally offers the newest ways to setting apart, quantitating, picking and assessing the danger coming up from chemical entities published from market-ready devices.

Also included are new case examples and citations with the technique of entry to Internet-based regulatory and clinical websites, reflecting the common adoption of this expertise into our world.

The publication takes under consideration the truth that gadget markets are worldwide, the continuous development of expertise, and the expanding worldwide harmonization of defense rules. each one element of machine safeguard evaluate is reviewed by way of the foreign association for Standardization (ISO), US nutrients and Drug management (FDA), ecu Union (EU), and eastern Ministry of healthiness, Labour, and Welfare (MHLW) views.

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Extra info for Biomaterials, medical devices, and combination products : biocompatibility testing and safety assessment

Example text

Bone: Devices principally contacting bone; examples include orthopedic pins, plates, replacement joints, bone prostheses, and cements. 2. Tissue and tissue fluid: Devices principally contacting tissue and tissue fluid or mucous membranes where contact is prolonged; examples include pacemakers, drug supply devices, neuromuscular sensors and stimulators, replacement tendons, breast implants, cerebrospinal fluid drains, artificial larynx, vas deferens valves, ligation clips, tubal occlusion devices for female sterilization, and intrauterine devices.

This ­practice is not only required by regulations, but it is also sound scientific practice, because any induced stress will produce a range of responses in test animals that can mask or confound the chemically induced effects. Regulations versus Law The law (the statute promulgated by Congress) and the regulations (the documents written by the regulatory authorities to enforce the laws) are separate documents. Because the regulations rather than the laws themselves have a greater impact on toxicological practice, greater emphasis is placed on regulations in this chapter.

Medical devices are classified as being in three different classes and are regulated accordingly. Class I and Class II devices are subject to lesser control standards, required only to comply with general controls and performance standards. Class III devices are subject to the greatest degree of regulation and include devices that are implanted in the body, support life, prevent health impairment, or present an unreasonable risk of illness or injury. Class III medical devices are subject to premarketing approval.

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