Download Black '47: Britain and the Famine Irish by Frank Neal PDF

By Frank Neal

The Irish Famine of 1845-49 was once an incredible glossy disaster. The go back of the potato blight in 1846 caused an immense exodus of destitute Irish looking safe haven in British cities and 1847 witnessed an remarkable influx of Irish refugees into Britain. This ebook examines the dimensions of that refugee immigration, the stipulations less than which the refugees have been carried to Britain, the relaxation operations fastened, the horrors of the typhus epidemic in Liverpool, Glasgow, Manchester, South Wales and the North-East, and the monetary rate to the British ratepayers.

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21 This is almost certainly an underestimate in view of the 1841 ceasus revelation that the pre-famine Irish born population of Liverpool was nearly 50 000. George Forwood was an assistant overseer of die poor in Liverpool. a. or more (These were houses bigger dian most working class people rented). The objective was then to rent out the rooms to lodgers, the tenants living in the cellar. 22 An alternative available to immigrants was the lodging house. These were, in general, pestiferous places but cheap, twopence or threepence per night.

24. During the years following the 1841 census the Vauxhall, Exchange and Scotland wards experienced nearly 18 000 Irish move into the area. The fall in the population of St Pauls, also in the north-end, was caused by the demolition of housing to make way for a railway, so increasing the pressure of demand for low cost housing in the other wards. In the south-end, Great George and north and south Toxteth witnessed an increase of 5850 in the numbers of Irish born. The wards widi die high percentages of Irish were also the wards with the largest numbers of court and cellar dwellings.

In the centre of the cellar, they had dug a hole to collect die liquids that drained to die cellar floor. 38 The sheer difficulties associated with die ordinary mechanics of living provoked people into drastic and seemingly foolish action. For example, persons living in street cellars would have to carry their rubbish and contents of chamber pots upstairs, along the street and into die nearest court in order to put it in an ashpit or dunghill. The Superintendent of the Unitarian Town Mission told Duncan that he had visited a cellar in which the floor was constantly covered in water and the inhabitants had taken the door off its hinges and laid it on bricks so that they had a dry surface.

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