By Dennis Broeders
Simply because borders on my own can't cease abnormal migration, the ecu Union is popping increasingly more to inner keep an eye on measures. via surveillance, member states goal to exclude abnormal migrants from societal associations, thereby discouraging their remain or deporting those who find themselves apprehended. And but, states can't expel immigrants who stay nameless. id has therefore turn into key. Breaking Down Anonymity indicates how electronic surveillance is turning into a major device of identity and exclusion regulations in the direction of abnormal migrants. To aid this declare, the research charts coverage advancements in Germany and the Netherlands. It analyses either international locations' labour industry controls in addition to their detention and expulsion practices. additionally tested is the advance of a number of new ecu migration databases. Spanning the Continent, those details structures create a brand new ecu Union frontier - one who is electronic, biometric and ever-strengthening.** [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Extra resources for Breaking Down Anonymity: Digital Surveillance of Irregular Migrants in Germany and the Netherlands
The more dependent the migration policy process becomes on the digital decision-making and databases, the more the interaction between the migrant and the immigration official will be characterised by this ‘double depersonalization’ (Broeders 2009b). Given the fact that ‘identities’ are now centre stage in matters of migration and deportation, states are searching for the undisputable link between person and identity. In doing so, they have brought the body into the equation. e. the use of data extracted from the body, such as an iris scan, digital facial image or a fingerprint.
1977: 201) In other words, the operation of power should become cheaper, easier and more effective as the inmates ‘internalize the gaze’ of power (Gilliom 2001: 130). The exclusion of irregular migrants through panopticism will be less precise as it is bound to the much more ‘fleeting’ institutions of the welfare state, instead of spatially confined institutions such as the prison and the school. The aim is to sift out anyone who lacks the proper documentation. Being undocumented bars access to public institutions and services and the underlying policy 34 BREAKING DOWN ANONYMITY assumption is that this exclusion will discourage irregular migrants from lengthening their stay.
A print that is matched against the records of the police or the immigration authorities will often result in an arrest, a refusal for entry or in an expulsion procedure. Muller (2004) calls this the transformation of citizenship into ‘identity management’. Identity management also highlights the link between biometrics and the expanding system of databases that supports it. The use of biometrics is an important part in the development of what Mark Salter calls ‘hyper-documentation’ by which he means that ‘each piece of data 48 BREAKING DOWN ANONYMITY is linked to other data, and ultimately to a risk profile: body-biometricsfile-profile’ (Salter 2005: 47).