By Dr. rer. nat. Dr.Ing. habil. Timm Gudehus, Prof. Dr. Herbert Kotzab (auth.)
Sleek logistics contains operative logistics, analytical logistics and administration of functionality networks. valuable activity of operative logistics is the effective offer of required items on the correct position within the correct order on the correct time. initiatives of analytical logistics are to layout optimum offer networks and logistic structures, to strengthen suggestions for making plans, scheduling and operation and to arrange effective order and function approaches. Logistic administration has to plot, enforce and function functionality networks and to agenda the orders, assets and inventories. This reference-book deals a special survey of recent logistics. It includes equipment, principles and instruments for the answer of a vast number of difficulties. The algorithms and formulation can be utilized for the computer-based making plans of logistic platforms and for the dynamic scheduling of orders and assets in offer networks. The analytically derived principles and methods allow enormous advancements of functionality, caliber and prices. Their sensible software is established via numerous examples from undefined, alternate and logistic provider companies. an intensive index makes the ebook a dictionary of contemporary logistics. The e-book is written for managers, planners and specialists, for economists and engineers, for theorists and practitioners, for scientists, scholars and others who're attracted to logistics and function networks.
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Extra info for Comprehensive Logistics
This, however, holds true only with optimal inventory management (see Chap. 11). According to the square root law of stock centralization (Maister 1976), which will be proved in Sect. e. by about 30% if centralized in one logistic center. At the same time the inventory turnover is increased by the inverse factor of the stock reduction. 41. From this follow the rules of stock centralization: • Stocks, inventory capital and interest costs can be reduced by a smaller number of storage locations. • Space demand for storeplaces and storage costs decrease with increasing storage capacity.
By 2 logistic centers instead of 10 regional warehouses, inventory capital and interest expenses are reduced by 20%. The costs for running the two logistic centers further decrease by the smaller space needed for the stock, by the increased inventory turnover and by other consolidation effects such as the lower specific costs of an automatic high bay store. 11) has the following positive effects: • • • • • • • • • • increased efficiency of operations and administration applicability of more efficient technique reduced share of partly filled load units and storage units use of standard load units with optimal dimensions decreasing handling costs lower costs due to the reduced number of storeplaces chances to balance and compensate peaks of demand opportunity to operate facilities round-the-clock reduced administration costs by modern IT lower total overhead costs for the smaller number of locations The most interesting contributions to the savings are the decreasing investment with increasing storage capacity and the reduction of handling cost rates with increasing turnover.
A further possibility to minimize logistic costs and to improve the logistic service is to allocate additional services in the transshipment centers. In a partly centralized organization, the functions of several storekeeping stations are bundled as shown in Fig. 9 into one or a few logistic centers without increasing the number of stages. 4 Multi-Stage Networks In a multi-stage network, the connection between sources and sinks is broken more than twice. Four-stage logistic networks as shown in Fig.